Now Loading...

Now Loading...

About Myanmar

Basic information of Myanmar

Myanmar is a multinational country which has more than 130 ethnic minorities. By the time the first National Democratic Federation (NLD) won in the 2015 general election, the first democratic regime was born. Myanmar, which applied the closed economic policy for a long period of time, by largely steering the economic with liberalization, has become a worldwide attracting market which is also called as the "Asia's last Frontier". Actually, the relationship between Japan and Myanmar is very good, as in the biggest city, Yangon, you can find a lot of Japanese language schools everywhere. Although various reasons can be considered, some of that is the Japan had helped in the independence of Myanmar when it was under British colony on the World War II, and also the fact that Japan and Myanmar signed the earliest treaty of peace right after the war that brought good influence on diplomacy in the future. Moreover, from the similarities between Japan and Myanmar brought up by Buddhism and historical background that traditional friendship exists.


Population 53.85 million (2018)
Area 678,330 ㎢ (1.8 times of Japan)
Official language Burmese
Religion Buddhism (89.4%), Christianity (4.9%), Muslim (3.9%)
Capital Nepido
Exchange rate 1 US dollar is about 1432 chat (August 2018)
Economic Growth Rate 6.9% (Estimated by IMF in 2018)
GDP per capita US $ 1,338 (Estimated by IMF 2018)
State composition 7 Regions,7 States
Ethnic composition About 69% in Burma, 8.5% in Shan, 6.2% in Karen family, 135 other ethnic groups living in Myanmar
Education system 5 years of elementary school, 4 years of junior high school, 2 years of high school, 4-7 years of university (number of degrees acquired varies depending on field)
Acknowledgment rate 89% Man 92.6%, Female 86.9% (March 2018)

Population structure of Myanmar

(Unit: million people)

By year 2014 2018 Population composition ratio (2014) Population composition ratio (2018)
0 - 14 years old 1,440 1,511 29% 26%
15 - 64 years old 3,229 3,711 66% 68%
65+ years old 288 277 5% 6%
Total population 5,027 5,499 100% 100%
Population growth rate 0.8 0.9

Major economic indicators

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
*Estimated from actual results
Real GDP growth rate (%) 7.33 8.43 7.99 6.99 5.87 6.72
GDP per capita (US dollar) 1,182 1,180 1,275 1,147 1,210 1,264
Trade balance (Million US dollars) 592 △114 △1,872 △3,815 △3,562 △5,952
Exchange rate
(Chat per US dollar, official rate in the past)
640.65 933.57 984.35 1,162.62 1,234.87 1,360.36

(Source) From JETRO World Trade and Investment Report

Prices of services / Services

Item name Quantity Selling price Remarks
Chat (※ is US dollar) Convert to Yen
Main meal (Rice) 2kg 2,900 211.7 「Nursery」
Egg 1 pack (10 pieces) 1,500 109.5 「Fresh Egg」
Beef 100g 1,132 82.64
Soy sauce (Japan) 1L 6,800 496.4 「Kikkoman」
Hamburger (chicken) one piece 2,000 146
Mineral water 1L 200 14.6 「Alpine」
Beer 330ml 550 40.15 「Dagon」
Electric bill 1unit=1kw/hour 35 2.56 General household
Gasoline 1L 853 62.27
Taxi About 2 to 2.5 km 1,500~2,000 109.5~146 Negotiation system
Apartment rent fee Furnished
(2 to 3 bedrooms)
※600~1,000 67,487〜112,479円 Price varies with floor number
Mobile phone charges 1 minute (in Yangon city) 25 1.83
Automobile (new car) Suzuki 24.6 million 1,795,800 Sedan (1400 cc)
Golf / Roundfie 1 round ※100 11,247 Guest price
Babysitter 1 day (9: 00 ~ 17: 00) 3,000〜5,000 219~365 If it is one month: 50,000 to 100,000

Note) 1 chat = 0.073 yen, 1 US dollar = 112.48 yen (both as of August 2018)

Myanmar culture

Food culture

Myanmar is sandwiched between India and China, so there is a dish that combines the influence of both countries in food culture, which includes the spicy of Indian cuisine and the greasiness of Chinese cuisine. Rice is the main food, but there are many Indica rice with elongated shape, and Japanese rice is not much seen in Myanmar. Because fried dishes using various oils, fried rice and fried vegetables are very delicious. However, some Japanese people have stomachache because of the greasiness and tastefulness of Myanmar food. For people like that, please try Shan food. The noodle dish "Shan noodle" which took out the fish's soup is crisp and full of nutrition. It is very tasty!

About security and safety aspects

Security is much better than other Southeast Asian countries, it’s rare for people to be involved in heavy crimes or general crimes. In Myanmar, the foreigners are pictures as rich people, in particular, Japanese people have strongly established such impression, but there are no reports of sleeping drug robber or cheating gaming which usually happened in other Southeast Asia. In 2013, the number of foreign national embassies in the neighboring countries is pretty high, including 1,216 in Thailand, 770 in Philippines, 240 in Ho Chi Minh, comparing to Myanmar with less than 200. Of course, it is necessary to be careful on their own so that Japanese people do not get involved in crime when traveling, but the risk is very low compared to other countries.


In Myanmar, 90% of the population is now Buddhist since Buddhism was introduced from Sri Lanka in the 11th century. Even Buddhism, which is called as "Mahayana Buddhism" and primarily believed in Japan and China, was actually translated into Chinese in the process of being transferred from India, various interpretations have been also added by the time and Buddhism also changed. On the other hand, "Azabu Buddhism (Hidekazu Buddhism)" which is transmitted to Myanmar is a very strict Buddhism which only allows the salvation to those who train. When you go out and become a priest, you must follow various precepts such as "Do not kill living things" "Do not drink alcohol." For that reason, it is sometimes said that Myanmar is faithfully keeping the teaching way that was preached by Buddha

National Nature Of Myanmar

Sophisticated culture / national character

The sophisticated culture and national character in Myanmar Buddhism is said to be a very friendly and courteous culture even from a global perspective. Indeed, the work of nursing that supports people is in harmony with that culture of Myanmar. The provision of services harmonized with these cultures will enable elderly people using the service to live with peace of mind and create a rich society where people can support each other.

Efforts in Myanmar

Caregiver training business

In Myanmar country, the number of health care workers is remarkably low, and the training of medical assistance personnel called care giver is the key to future medical development.

Click here for details

Teacher Training Business

In order to raise Myanmar's nursing care and medical technology, it is necessary to have a framework to produce high-quality teachers.

Click here for details

Consulting business

We introduce talented people according to the needs of local customers from Japan and Myanmar

Click here for details

Contact Us

Please feel free to contact us